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\plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 As observed by Dr. L. D. Barnett, Dravidian society \expndtw-1 "to some extent matriarchal/' and their religion \expndtw12 generally "dark and repulsive"\super 1\nosupersub . They worshipped \expndtw2 the Mother Goddess and a host of spirits, often wi\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 l\super a \nosupersub\expndtw-4 bloody human sacrifices, and the emblems of generation \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'95 \expndtw1\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 Presumably, the Dravidians were identical with \b tli*^ \b0\expndtw-4 "Dasas" or "Dasyus" of the \i fUgpeda; \i0 and we shall, there\-\expndtw7 fore, hear more about them when we come to th.*\super 5 \nosupersub\expndtw-1 period of the Aryans.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1742\fi457\ri1958\sb162\sa0\sl-335\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 section  \scaps0 D \expndtw-16 CHALCOLITHIC AGE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb169\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Importance of the New Discoveries}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi472\ri0\sb108\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 So far we were almost groping in the dark.   Wo \expndtw6 now see the twilight of Indian civilisation.    The re\-\expndtw2 markable archaeological discoveries at Harappa in the \expndtw-1 Montgomery district and Mohenjo-daro in the Larkana. \expndtw-10 district, besides other sites in the Pun jab, Sind (like Canhu\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97 \expndtw3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 daro, Jhukar-daro), and  Baluchistan (e.g., Nal, Kelat \expndtw2 State), make it abundantly clear that several centuries \expndtw-5 before the period of the \i 'Kigveda, \i0 there were busy centres \expndtw2 of life and activity along the course of the river Indus. \expndtw1 They show that the people possessed a high degree o\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3 \expndtw-3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 culture, which was similar to, and in many respects more \expndtw-4 advanced than that of contemporary Mesopotamia, Elam, \expndtw6 and Egypt.   Chalcolithic is  the name usually given. \expndtw-2 to this age\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 an age "in which arms and utensils of stone \expndtw4 continue to be used side by side with those of copper and bronze."   To get a glimpse into this remote past, \expndtw2 we must take note of the relics unearthed at Mohenjo-\expndtw-2 daro,\super 2\nosupersub  which are essentially akin to those found at other}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li392\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx522 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex89\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i Antiquities of India, \i0 p. 4.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi378\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx522 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex89\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Sir John Marshall, \i Mohenjo-daro and the Indus Civilisation \i0 (3\line \expndtw4 volumes); K. N. Dikshit, \i ^re-historic Civilisation of the Indus Valley\line \i0\charscalex100\expndtw-3 (Madras, 1939); N. Law, \i Ind. Hist.,Quart,, \i0 March, 1932 (Vol. VIII,}\par }